Grapes Varieties

chateauneuf du pape millésime


In Châteauneuf-du-Pape, tradition dictates that wines are born from thirteen grape varieties, each contributing its characteristic to the whole: color, structure, aroma, freshness, or longevity.
No fewer than thirteen grape varieties can be used in the production of red wines, as well as white wines: Grenache (Black, Grey, white), Syrah, Mourvèdre, Cinsault, Clairette (White, Pink), Vaccarèse, Bourboulenc, Roussanne, Counoise, Muscardin, Picpoul (Black, Grey, white), Picardan, and Terret Noir.
Winemakers freely draw from this repertoire to craft their wines, with each grape imparting its uniqueness to the ensemble, resulting in a truly distinctive blend.

The origin of the thirteen grape varieties

ampelographic heritage

Originally, the vines were planted in a ‘foule’ (crowd): all grape varieties were mixed on the same plot. This ampelographic heritage is the result of a selection process developed over generations by the appellation’s winemakers. Thus, in the early 19th century, Joseph Ducos, the owner of Château La Nerthe, observed the behavior of around ten grape varieties on his property and was able to precisely establish the typical blend of a Châteauneuf-du-Pape.

Grenache : the predominant grape variety

grenache dominates in most wines produced

Today, Grenache predominates in most wines produced. Originating from the Iberian Peninsula, it has found its ideal terroir in Châteauneuf-du-Pape. It harmonizes with the poor and dry soils of the appellation. Hardy, it withstands heat and the repeated assaults of the wind. Serving as the backbone of red wines, it provides them with structure, power, and the ability to age gracefully.

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